The Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa (OHADA) is an international uniform business law system in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) comprising Seventeen (17) member states including Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros Islands, Congo-Brazzaville, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea-Conakry, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Mali, Niger, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Senegal, Tchad, and Togo. The organisation was created by a Treaty in 1993 (Port Louis, Mauritius) and revised in Quebec in 2008.
Apart of the English-speaking part of Cameroon, all member states of the OHADA are continental civil law countries which applied the Code civil and Code de commerce prior to the entry into force of the OHADA legal framework. The principal objective of the organisation is to achieve through uniform transnational substantive laws legal and judicial security for businesses and private investors. At the summit of the OHADA judicial system is the Common Court of Justice & Arbitration (CCJA) which serves both as an arbitral body and the supreme judicial body in matters of business law, thus ensuring a consistent and uniform application and interpretation of harmonised rules.
Its uniform laws regulate general commercial law, commercial companies and economic interest groups, simplified debt recovery, enforcement of judgments, arbitration, mediation, cooperative societies, security interests law, carriage of goods by road, accounting law, and insolvency (bankruptcies) & restructuring. There are also various complementary rules, especially those regulating the CCJA